The Winchester 30-30 (Winchester 1894) is an iconic gun, probably because of one particular man: Teddy Roosevelt. Of all the US Presidents, Theodore Roosevelt is perhaps my favorite. In his life, he did it all: author, rancher, big game hunter, explorer, military leader, police commissioner, Secretary of the Navy…
Oh yeah, and POTUS.
This article originally ran November 8, 2017.
Most importantly, he was a shooter and fellow gun hoarder.
His favorite rifles were those made by Winchester. Based on his numerous biographies and museum exhibits, it’s safe to say he owned no less than thirty. One was a Model 1894 fitted with a Maxim silencer.
You know, as an aside, it’d be interesting to see a Winchester 1897 with a silencer attached.
The rifle made an internet buzz a few years ago as the President’s former home and estate at Sagamore Hill was being renovated. It went on loan to the NRA National Firearm Museum for a few years and has since been returned to Sagamore Hill, although it is not currently on display.
According to Susan Sarna, curator at the Sagamore Hill National Historic Site in Oyster Bay, the rifle is described as follows: “Winchester Model 1894, chambered in 30 WCF (30-30 Winchester), Maxim silencer on the end. Nickel-steel barrel, made for smokeless powder. Drop-leaf sighting, Stamped on the barrel: ‘Manufactured by Winchester Repeating Arms Co. New Haven,Conn. U.S.A. Pat Aug. 21, 1894.'”
It has a crescent butt plate as opposed to his favored standard shotgun-style butt plate, lacks the president’s typical case-hardened finish or engraving, and has a raised comb. As it is a take-down variant with a half-magazine or button magazine, it appears that Roosevelt thought of it as more of a utilitarian rifle.
We contacted Sagamore Hill because we had read conflicting information about the rifle. One source claimed it was .32 WCF (32-20) and another claimed .32 Winchester Special.
The 32-20 seemed more sensible for dispatching pests on the grounds of Sagamore Hill, the purpose for which most people presumed the rifle was used. While 30-30 may have seemed a tiny round to Roosevelt, who preferred the .405 Winchester, we found it doubtful that he would overkill like that if a feral dog or possum raided his trash cans or threatened his family’s well-being.
No, Roosevelt had a fondness for the Model 1894 in 30-30 (or what we refer to as John M. Browning’s “Saturday Night Special Design”) from the time it was first introduced. He was dubious at first of the “tiny smokeless powder cartridge” but changed his mind after dropping a pronghorn antelope at about 220 yards. Eventually he would obtain this one fitted with a Maxim silencer for use at Sagamore Hill on his private range, so as not to disturb the neighbors.
One hundred years later, it inspired us to build one like it.
Well, not exactly — but stay tuned!