Robert Heinlein’s Starship Troopers has been on the Marine Corps Commandant’s Reading List for as long as I can remember, though it appears to have been removed from the most recent list. Hippies’ assertions of “fascism” to the contrary (“You keep using that word. I do not think it means what you think it means”), the book was Heinlein’s answer to communism. Don’t be so lazy you misinterpret what he wrote (including the famous “Service Guarantees Citizenship” quote).
It’s a thought experiment, considering a stable republic able to withstand the swarming, dehumanized anthill of collectivism. It is more philosophical tract than a science fiction adventure; a true “science” fiction novel revolves around political science and sociology.
Cover: Starship Troopers-inspired concept art by Karl Kopinski
This article was originally published in August of 2016.
There are quite a few good ideas in the book, especially regarding discipline and civic virtue being survival traits of any successful society. For anyone who hasn’t read the book (for shame!), the basis of Starship Trooper’s Federation society is that to earn “citizenship,” in this case the right to vote, one had to serve a minimum two years Federal Service.
While most people say that one had to be a combat veteran to vote, in fact, Federal Service could involve any sort of hard, challenging, miserable work serving the Federation. The idea behind the system is that only those who sacrificed for society invested enough to direct it responsibly.
There is something to be said about this system, especially as we look at a representative democracy (I will not call what we have now a “republic” anymore), where all it takes is a birth certificate and a pulse to vote. Even the birth certificate is now considered “discriminatory.” There was a reason why the Founders decided on a Republic rather than a Democracy, though that’s a subject for another post.
In recent years I’ve had many discussions in Humvees, hide sites, patrol bases, and team rooms where Starship Troopers has come up. Many of our generation of veterans think “service earns citizenship” is the best idea ever. It certainly has some good points. However, many seem to ascribe to the “only combat vets can vote” version, which isn’t what the book is about at all.
And if only being a veteran qualifies one to vote, would we see anything different, given the current society we live in?
I would argue no. The key to Heinlein’s proposed system was the cultivation of “civic virtue,” of placing one’s country and people ahead of one’s own welfare. Much of that outlook is conspicuously missing from today’s United States and from many of the more vocal members of the veteran community.
You know who I’m talking about. The guy who never misses an opportunity to remind people of his service. The guy who got out after four years with three Ninja Punches, but has “Semper Fi” plastered all over his clothes and vehicle. The guy who’s the first in the pile-on when somebody, somewhere two thousand miles away, “disrespects” veterans.
‘You. What is the moral difference, if any, between the soldier and the civilian?’
‘The difference, I said carefully, ‘lies in the field of civic virtue. A soldier accepts personal responsibility for the safety of the body politic of which he is a member, defending it, if need be, with his life. The civilian does not.‘”
These are attitudes of entitlement and self-centeredness, not virtue and selflessness. This is not to say that there is no virtue in serving. There is. But it must be actively cultivated, or else it becomes meaningless. In Starship Troopers, this was the purpose of history and moral philosophy courses. Today, we have no equivalent. The self is the end-all and be-all of life, societal stability and virtue be damned. The Supreme Court has even said so, though in more polite language.
.For a society to last, it must cultivate virtue. The Greeks and Romans knew this. Heinlein wasn’t saying anything Thucydides, Plato, Plutarch, Cicero, Marcus Aurelius and others hadn’t already. He was simply trying to propose a system as a thought experiment that might preserve that stability longer.
Give it a whirl — but use your link, would ya please?
“Liberty is never unalienable; it must be redeemed regularly with the blood of patriots or it always vanishes. Of all the so-called natural human rights that have ever been invented, liberty is least likely to be cheap and is never free of cost.” Jean V Dubois (Robert Heinlein)
That thought experiment still has value and makes for some interesting conversations among warriors. But would simply changing the rules of the franchise to “Vets Only” solve all of our problems?
Not from what I’ve seen.
Read some more from our military science fiction archives.
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